There are many ways fisherman try to entice the trout to take their bait, but first you need to locate and find the trout to be able to even catch one in the first place. I will focus on some tactics that have not failed me yet.
So, let’s begin with probably the most important part of stream fishing and that would-be location. You need to find water that will hold trout or is stocked for your annual opening day. I’m from PA, and there are plenty of resources out there to get a general idea to where you can find trout. Our PA Fish and Boat / Game Commission have interactive maps online where you can find different type of trout water( Pa Map ).
This is one of the most valuable tools, but if you don’t have access or your state does not provide such resources, then you will have to put your ear to the ground and listen for them. Just kidding, If you can find a clean stream or creek and the water is naturally cooled all year round you may have a shot at locating and find maybe even claim your own secret spot! I have done this and will not give any names of the creek for my own fisherman secret sake, but the results were priceless with tons of action.
Found this guy above on a scouting trip
Trout will hold in water that most of the year temperatures stay below 70 degrees. Actually, prime is 45 to 60 degrees. Water is important! If there is not enough oxygen there will be no trout. Some keys water features to look for are Boundaries, Deep Pools, Rocks / Boulders, Washboard Riffles, Undercuts / Cover, and tributaries.
Boundaries are known to be where deep slow poles of water meet faster current. This area is known to help protect trout from predators. Deep Pools are exactly what they sound like deep waters or commonly known as holes here in PA. these provide trout a safety hold where they are protected when they stay to the bottom. Also, trout will stay there when the water temps are to hot or Cold. Once the magic number for water temps are 55-60, stay alert when approaching the hole because trout will venture to shallow water to look for food. Rocks and Boulders are awesome places to look. They have a slow area behind them where trout will sit to reserve energy. DON’T FORGET TO CAST TO THE FRONT OF THE ROCK. I don’t know how many times I watch people place there fly on the outside of boulder to let it only drift to the back side of the rock. There is a pillow a lot of the times in front of the rock and trout will venture from the back of the rock to the front usually when they are feeding. Washboard riffles are usual really shallow and hard to fish but this is necessary to supply the fish with abundances of food and oxygen. Undercuts and cover protect the fish so be on the look at banks and trees for areas trout can tuck themselves away to protect themselves. Tributaries of other creeks are good places to look for trout because a lot of times you will find trout sitting there to get food from smaller water also not to mention a lot of times the water is cooler so late May / early June check them and you won’t regret it.
Get out there with a rod and go find some trout. Look for areas you think might hold trout and try. You need to fish to catch a trout! Make notes, and continue the search for some awesome water! I WISH TIGHT LINES TO YOU ALL!